It is a grey coloured and rough polypropylene (PP) with occasional green and blue spots. Exhibits good stiffness, high strength and low toughness, resistant to insects, pests, bacteria and micro-organisms. Used in buckets, tubs, flower pots/boxes, stacking cases, pallet boxes, waste bins, shelves, toolboxes and vehicle accessories. Especially used for toys, apparel, non-food packaging, nets, spacers, profiles, household articles, ropes and industrial fibres.
Synthetic Stone No. 208
Source: Atlantic Coast
GMS: 44°54'12.0"N 1°13'00.9"W
Colour: Silver Grey
Weight: 10,7 g
Age: Atomic Age
Type of Material: Polypropylen (PP)
Recycling Code: 05
Start of Mass Production: 1957
Manufacturer: Phillips Petroleum Company
Sand usually is the result of long erosion processes in which rocks and seashells get gradually triturated. However, according to scientific studies the same erosion processes as well are observed in the context of pyroplastic elements once they had been exposed to the weather conditions over a certain period of time. Thus, it can be assumed that the increasing occurrence of synthetic stones will lead to a new micro-material composition of today's sandy beaches in the foreseeable future.
New Material Beach (Upstream Tracing)

ExxonMobil 8,2%
DowDupont 7,8%
Sinopec 7,4%
Indorama Ventures 6,4%
Saudi Aramaco 6,0%
Petro China 5,6%
LyondellBasell 5,4%
Reliance Industries 4,3%
Braskem 4,2%
Alpek SA de CV 3,2%
Borealis 3,1%
Lotte Chemical 2,9%
INEOS 2,8%
Total 2,6%
Jiangsu Hailun Petrochemical 2,2%
Far Eastern New Century 2,2%
Formosa Plastics Corporation 2,2%
China Energy Investment Group 2,1%
PTT 2,1%
China Resources 1,8%
Nova Chemicals Corporation 1,7%
Siam Cement Group 1,5%
Phillips 66 1,4%
Zhejiang Wankai 1,4%
Sumitomo Chemical 1,4%
Jiangyin Chengxing Industrial Group 1,3%
Chevron Corporation 1,3%
Hanwha Chemical 1,3%
China Coal 1,1%
Rongsheng Group 1,1%
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation 1,1%
SIBUR 1,1%
Abu Dhabi National Oil Company 1,1%
GAIL India 1,0%
LG Chem 1,0%
Westlake Chemical Corporation 0,8%
Mitsui Chemicals 0,8%
Sasol 0,8%
Zhejiang Hengyi Group 0,8%
Eni 0,8%
Yangchang Group 0,8%
Repsol 0,8%
Indian Oil Corporation 0,8%
Nan Ya Plastics 0,7%
SK Innovation Co 0,7%
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation 0,7%
Octal 0,7%
JBF Industries 0,7%
MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas 0,7%
Baktar Petrochemical 0,7%
Shell 0,5%
Neo Group 0,5%
The economists have told us for a long time that the market system is perfect. That pollution is a minor aberration on an otherwise perfectly functioning system. For them these things are externalities. They are things that are external to the functioning of the economy. In actual fact they are not external to the economy. They are an integral part of the economy. If you have inputs you must have outputs, and therefore you get pollution. Which means that the more we have going into the system the more we get out and the more polluted we gonna get. So, the pollutants are not a minor aberration they are a fundamental part of the system.
During the 1960s the fishing industry increasingly began to use nets and lines that were made of synthetic materials. As a result of this, natural applicable materials such as hemp and sisal were largely replaced by the plastic types polypropylene and nylon. With an estimated plastic waste output of 640 000 tons per year the fishing industry currently contributes significantly to the global marine plastic pollution.
Synthetic Stone No. 43
Source: Atlantic Coast
GMS: 44°55'34.5"N 1°12'47.8"W
Colour: Silver Grey
Weight: 8,1 g
Age: Information Age
Type of Material: PP Multifil
Recycling Code: 05
Start of Mass Production: 1971
Manufacturer: Phillips Fibers Corp., later BP Amoco Fabrics and Fibers